The Forum Romanum used to be the center of daily life in ancient Rome, used not only for public speeches and trials, but also for gladiator fights, commercial activities and as a place of worship.
Some of the oldest buildings include the ancient royal residence Regia and the Temple of Vesta (700 – 600 BC). During the time of the Republic, several other temples (Saturn, Castor and Pollux, Concord) and basilicas were built. The Rostra, a platform used by politicians and magistrates to address the people of Rome as early as the 6th century BC, was rebuilt and extended by the Roman emperors.
The other standing structures, like the Tabularium (records office) and Curia Julia (Senate House), played an important role in the last decades of the Republican political life.
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